Audiometric comparison in BCI and BAHA matched patients
Purpose: Patients that are suffering from outer or middle ear hearing impairment can often benefit more from rehabilitation using bone conduction devices (BCDs) rather than conventional air conduction devices. The most widely used BCD is the percutaneous Bone Anchored Hearing Aid (BAHA), which gives excellent sound, but can cause side effects from the skin penetration abutment. There is a growing interest in the development of transcutaneous BCDs such as the Bone Conduction Implant (BCI), comprising an externally worn audio processor wirelessly driving a transducer implanted in the temporal bone. In an ongoing clinical study, the device is used in six patients and the objective with this study is to compare their audiometric results with patients using the BAHA.
Methods & Materials: Audiometric measurements are currently carried out on patients using a BAHA (Ponto Pro Power, Oticon Medical) that are matched one by one according to age- and hearing loss-based criteria with the six first patients treated with the BCI. In particular, warble tone thresholds, speech recognition score (SRS) in noise, speech recognition threshold (SRT) and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) threshold are compared in a sound field. The patients’ general health status and personal satisfaction is also evaluated using Glasgow Benefit Inventory and Abbreviated Profile of Hearing Aid Benefit questionnaires. Furthermore, maximum power output and total harmonic distortion are measured for each device on a skullsimulator.
Results: The study is on-going and detailed results will be presented. Preliminary results from two patients tested with the BAHA indicate that they generally perform the same or slightly worse than matched patients with BCI regarding warble tone thresholds, SRS, SRT and SNR threshold. The self-reported questionnaires show in general similar outcome for both devices, but slightly better results for BCI compared with the BAHA concerning physical benefit and avoidance of negative reactions to unpleasant sounds.
Conclusion: Preliminary results from audiometric measurements show a clear improvement over the unaided condition for both devices, and indicate that the BCI is equal or slightly better