Oxygen Carrier Aided Combustion (OCAC) of Wood Chips in a Semi-Commercial Circulating Fluidized Bed Boiler Using Manganese Ore as Bed Material
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2016

Oxygen Carrier Aided Combustion (OCAC) is realized by using an active oxygen-carrying bed material in fluidized bed boilers. The active material is reduced in fuel rich parts of the boiler and oxidized in air rich parts. Advantages could be achieved such as new mechanisms for oxygen transport in space and time. Here calcined manganese ore has been used as active bed material in a 12 MWth circulating fluidized bed boiler. The fuel was wood chips and the campaign lasted more than two weeks. From an operational point of view, manganese ore worked excellently. From the temperature profile of the boiler it can be concluded that fuel conversion was facilitated, especially in the dense bottom bed. The effect did not always translate to reduced emissions, which suggests that final combustion in the cyclone outlet was also influenced. Substituting 10% of the sand bed with manganese ore made it possible to reduce the air to fuel ratio without generating large amounts of CO. The use of 100% manganese ore resulted in higher emissions of CO than the sand reference, but, when combined sulphur feeding, dramatic reductions in CO emissions, up to 90% compared to sand reference, was achieved.

biomass

Oxygen Carrier Aided Combustion

Materials Science

biomass

Physics

Chemical-Looping Combustion

Chemistry

fluidized bed combustion

Författare

Magnus Rydén

Chalmers, Energi och miljö, Energiteknik

Malin Hanning

Chalmers, Energi och miljö, Energiteknik

Angelica Corcoran

Chalmers, Energi och miljö, Energiteknik

Fredrik Lind

Chalmers, Energi och miljö, Energiteknik

Applied Sciences (Switzerland)

20763417 (eISSN)

Vol. 6 11 1-19

Drivkrafter

Hållbar utveckling

Ämneskategorier

Materialteknik

DOI

10.3390/app6110347