Impact of Ag and NOx compounds on the transport of ruthenium in the primary circuit of nuclear power plant in a severe accident
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2017

Ruthenium is a semi-volatile element originating as a fission product in nuclear reactors that can be released in case of a severe nuclear accident. In this work, the impact of atmosphere composition on the transport of ruthenium through the primary circuit was examined. The effects of silver nanoparticles representing aerosols and NO2 gas as a product of air radiolysis were studied. Quantification of ruthenium transported both as gas and aerosol was performed. Chemical composition of ruthenium species was evaluated. The transport of gaseous ruthenium through the facility increased significantly when NO2 gas was fed into the atmosphere. When both silver aerosols and NO2 were fed into the atmosphere, the transport of ruthenium in gaseous and aerosol forms was promoted. It was concluded that the composition of atmosphere in the primary circuit will have a notable effect on the speciation of ruthenium transported into the containment building during a severe accident and thus on the potential radioactive release to the environment.

1973

oxides

Severe accident

Ruthenium

Air ingress

fission-product release

v27

p2623

hon g

behavior

Air radiolysis

air

acta chemica scandinavica

esca

surfaces

deposition

chemistry

water

Nuclear power plant

Nuclear Science & Technology

reactor

Författare

Ivan Kajan

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Energi och material, Kärnkemi

T. Karkela

Teknologian Tutkimuskeskus (VTT)

U. Tapper

Teknologian Tutkimuskeskus (VTT)

L. S. Johansson

Aalto-Yliopisto

M. Gouello

Teknologian Tutkimuskeskus (VTT)

Henrik Ramebäck

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Energi och material, Kärnkemi

S. Holmgren

Totalförsvarets forskningsinstitut (FOI)

A. Auvinen

Teknologian Tutkimuskeskus (VTT)

Christian Ekberg

Industriell materialåtervinning

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Energi och material, Kärnkemi

Annals of Nuclear Energy

0306-4549 (ISSN)

Vol. 100 9-19

Ämneskategorier

Kemiteknik

DOI

10.1016/j.anucene.2016.10.008

Mer information

Senast uppdaterat

2018-04-24