Catalytic hydrogenation of CO2 to methane over supported Pd, Rh and Ni catalysts
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2017

As a step in production of so-called electrofuels, ambient pressure CO2 hydrogenation has been investigated over different catalytic model systems based on metal particles (Pd, Rh and Ni) supported on various metal oxides (SiO2, Al2O3 and CeO2) and aluminosilicates (ZSM-5 and MCM-41) at different specific reactant ratios and temperatures between 150 and 450 degrees C. Catalytic activity and selectivity measurements in a flow reactor show that the highest CO2 conversion towards methane is obtained for the Rh/Al2O3 and Rh/CeO2 catalysts, followed by Ni/CeO2. Generally, the results suggest that both the support material and reaction conditions play an important role in the hydrogenation process. Further, in situ diffusive reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy reveals the intermediate species during transient CO2 hydrogenation over the Rh and Ni containing catalysts. Adsorption and dissociation of CO2 occurs over the Rh/Al2O3 catalyst in the presence of H-2, resulting in the formation of linear Rh-CO species, while formates and carbonates are formed over the Rh/CeO2 and Ni/CeO2 catalysts, likely at the metal-support interface.

reaction-mechanism

p1

inchen gc

surface

1988

reduction

gas

oxidation

applied catalysis

carbon-dioxide

conversion

rhodium

v36

ceria

Chemistry

low-temperature

Författare

Natalia Mihaela Martin

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Tillämpad kemi, Teknisk ytkemi

Kompetenscentrum katalys (KCK)

Peter Velin

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Tillämpad kemi, Teknisk ytkemi

Kompetenscentrum katalys (KCK)

Magnus Skoglundh

Kompetenscentrum katalys (KCK)

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Tillämpad kemi, Teknisk ytkemi

M. Bauer

Universität Paderborn

Per-Anders Carlsson

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Tillämpad kemi, Teknisk ytkemi

Kompetenscentrum katalys (KCK)

Catalysis Science and Technology

2044-4753 (ISSN) 2044-4761 (eISSN)

Vol. 7 5 1086-1094

Tidsupplösta in situ metoder för design av katalytiska säten för hållbar kemi

Vetenskapsrådet (VR), 2013-01-01 -- 2016-12-31.

Ämneskategorier

Fysikalisk kemi

Kemi

Fundament

Grundläggande vetenskaper

DOI

10.1039/c6cy02536f

Mer information

Senast uppdaterat

2018-10-28