Increased lipid accumulation and adipogenic gene expression of adipocytes in 3D bioprinted nanocellulose scaffolds
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2017

Compared to standard 2D culture systems, new methods for 3D cell culture of adipocytes could provide more physiologically accurate data and a deeper understanding of metabolic diseases such as diabetes. By resuspending living cells in a bioink of nanocellulose and hyaluronic acid, we were able to print 3D scaffolds with uniform cell distribution. After one week in culture, cell viability was 95%, and after two weeks the cells displayed a more mature phenotype with larger lipid droplets than standard 2D cultured cells. Unlike cells in 2D culture, the 3D bioprinted cells did not detach upon lipid accumulation. After two weeks, the gene expression of the adipogenic marker genes PPAR. and FABP4 was increased 2.0- and 2.2-fold, respectively, for cells in 3D bioprinted constructs compared with 2D cultured cells. Our 3D bioprinted culture system produces better adipogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells and a more mature cell phenotype than conventional

adipose tissue

model

bioink

constructs

adipose-tissue

stem-cells

differentiation

3D culture

Supplementary material for

Engineering

adipocyte

bacterial cellulose

culture

Materials Science

preadipocytes

nanocellulose bioink

gelatin

3D bioprinting

Författare

Ida Henriksson

Kemi och kemiteknik, Tillämpad kemi, Polymerteknologi

Paul Gatenholm

Kemi och kemiteknik, Tillämpad kemi, Polymerteknologi

Daniel Hägg

Kemi och kemiteknik, Tillämpad kemi, Polymerteknologi

Göteborgs universitet

Biofabrication

1758-5082 (ISSN) 1758-5090 (eISSN)

Vol. 9 Article Number: 015022 -

Fundament

Grundläggande vetenskaper

Styrkeområden

Livsvetenskaper och teknik

Ämneskategorier

Kemi

DOI

10.1088/1758-5090/aa5c1c