Electrothermal dynamics-conscious lithium-ion battery cell-level charging management via state-monitored predictive control
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2017

Lithium-ion battery charging management has become an enabling technology towards a paradigm shift of electrified mobility. Fast charging is desired for convenience improvements but may excessively degrade battery's health or even cause safety issues. This paper proposes a novel algorithm to manage battery charging operations using a model-based control approach. Based on a fully coupled electrothermal model, the fast charging strategy is formulated as a linear-time-varying model predictive control problem, for the first time. Constraints are explicitly imposed to protect the battery from overcharging and overheating. To enable the state-feedback control, unmeasurable battery internal states including state-of-charge and core temperature are estimated via a nonlinear observer using noisy measurements of current, voltage, and surface temperature. Illustrative results demonstrate that the proposed approach is able to optimally balance time and temperature increase. In addition, it is shown from simulations that the model predictive control based charging algorithm appears promising for real-time implementation.

Electrothermal model

State-of-charge estimation

Battery charging control

Lithium-ion battery

Model predictive control

Författare

Changfu Zou

Signaler och system, System- och reglerteknik, Reglerteknik

Xiaosong Hu

Chongqing University

Zhongbao Wei

Nanyang Technological University

Xiaolin Tang

Chongqing University

Energy

0360-5442 (ISSN)

Vol. 141 250-259

Ämneskategorier

Elektroteknik och elektronik

DOI

10.1016/j.energy.2017.09.048