In-depth characterization of as-deposited and annealed Fe-Wcoatings electrodeposited from glycolate-citrate plating bath
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2018

Fe-W coatings with 4, 16 and 24 at.% of W were electrodeposited under galvanostatic conditions from a new environmental friendly Fe(III)-based glycolate-citrate bath. This work aims to find correlations between composition including the light elements, internal structure of the electrodeposited Fe-Walloys and functional properties of material. The obtained alloys were characterized by Glow Discharge Optical Emission Spectrometry (GD-OES), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) with Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDS), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), and X-ray Diffraction (XRD). Compositional depth profiles of 10 mm thick coatings obtained by GD-OES show that the distribution of metals is uniform along the entire film thickness, while SEM imaging depicted the presence of cracks and O- and W-rich areas inside the Fe-Wcoating with 4 at.% W. In the samples with 16 and 24 at.% of W, oxygen and hydrogen are present mostly at the surface about 1 mm from the top while traces of carbon are distributed within the entire coatings. With increasing W content, the structure of the coatings changes from nanocrystalline to amorphous which was shown by XRD and TEM analysis. Also, the surface of coatings becomes smoother and brighter, that was explained based on the local adsorption of intermediates containing iron and tungsten species. Annealing experiments coupled with XRD analysis show that the thermal stability of Fe-W alloys increases when the W content increases, i.e. the coating with 24 at.% W retains the amorphous structure up to 600 C, where a partially recrystallized structure was observed. Upon recrystallization of the amorphous samples the following crystalline phases are formed: a-Fe, Fe2W, Fe3W3C, Fe6W6C, and FeWO4. Hence, the Fe-W coatings with higher W content (>25 at.%) can be considered as suitable material for high temperature applications.

Iron alloys


Thermal stability

Tungsten alloys



Antonio Mulone

Chalmers, Industri- och materialvetenskap

Aliona Nicolenco

Vilniaus universitetas

Volker Hoffmann

Leibniz-Institut für Festkörper- und Werkstoffforschung Dresden

Uta Klement

Chalmers, Industri- och materialvetenskap

N. Tsyntsaru

Vilniaus universitetas

Institute of Applied Physics Academy of Sciences of Moldava

Henrikas Cesiulis

Vilniaus universitetas

Electrochimica Acta

0013-4686 (ISSN)

Vol. 261 167-177


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