Effect of Glycation on the Structure and Dynamics of DNA: A Critical Spectroscopic Approach
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2007
Glycated DNA is considered to be a pathogenic factor for diabetes mellitus. Here we present a novel and preliminary study on normal and glycated (with fructose and glucose-6-phosphate as reducing sugars) human placenta DNA using agarose gel electrophoresis and photon correlation spectroscopy. The former is used to find structural alterations, while the latter is exploited to observe differences in the dynamics between normal (i.e., pure) and glycated DNA molecules. For scattering angles up to 90°, we obtained a quasi-single-exponential relaxation process for the pure DNA, whereas at higher scattering angles the relaxation of pure DNA becomes broader with a stretching parameter β ≈ 0.6 at 130°. Interestingly, for both the glycated DNAs stretched relaxation profiles and higher relaxation rates (Q) are observed for all scattering angles. Moreover, a separate and very fast relaxation (e.g., relaxation time τ ≈ 2 μs at 90°) can be noticed for both the glycated DNAs at all the studied scattering angles. Thus, the dramatic changes in the relaxation parameters (Ω, τ, and β) of the glycated DNA show at the molecular level, for the first time, that the structure and dynamics of DNA are strongly affected by glycation. Implications of the results are discussed. © 2007 American Chemical Society.
photon correlation spectroscopy
agarose gel electrophoresis