Climate variability and land-use change in Danangou watershed, China
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2005
With global concern on climate change impacts, developing countries are given special
attention due their susceptibility. In this paper, change and variability in climate, land use and farmers’
perception, adaptation and response to change are examined in Danangou watershed in the Chinese
The first focus is to look at how climate data recorded at meteorological stations recently
have evolved, and how farmers perceived these changes. Further, we want to see how the farmers
respond and adapt to climate variability and what the resulting impact on land use is. Finally, other
factors causing change in land use are considered. Local precipitation and temperature instrumental
data and interview data from farmers were used.
The instrumental data shows that the climate is
getting warmer and drier, the latter despite large interannual variability. The trend is seen on the local
and regional level. Farmers’ perception of climatic variability corresponds well with the data record.
During the last 20 years, the farmers have become less dependent on agriculture by adopting a more
diversified livelihood. This adaptation makes them less vulnerable to climate variability.
It was found
that government policies and reforms had a stronger influence on land use than climate variability.
Small-scale farmers should therefore be considered as adaptive to changing situations, planned and