Green persistent luminescence excitable by multiple wavelengths in the CaSc2O4:Ce3+ phosphor co-doped with Mg2+
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2018

Calcium scandate (CaSc 2 O 4 ), when substituted with a small amount of the activator ion Ce 3+ to replace Ca 2+ , is a recently discovered green-emitting phosphor promising for solid-state lighting applications. The co-doping with aliovalent ions to compensate for the net positive charge, as induced by the Ce 3+ dopants, is a common approach to change the defect structure and tune the performance of the phosphor, but the underlying mechanisms are unclear. Here we investigate the effect of co-doping with charge-compensating Mg 2+ to substitute for Sc 3+ , using photoluminescence and thermoluminescence techniques. In comparison to the defect structure in Ce 3+ doped CaSc 2 O 4 , the co-doping with charge-compensating Mg 2+ leads to the formation of new traps. These traps are featured by activation energies in the range 0.58–0.64 eV, can be emptied at room temperature and show green long-lasting phosphorescence after excitation at 454, 340, and 254 nm, respectively. Analysis of the spectroscopic results in terms of a vacuum referred binding energy diagram allows us to reach at a plausible luminescence mechanism in {Ce 3+ /Ce 3+ Mg 2+ }-doped CaSc 2 O 4 .


Green light


Long-lasting phosphorescence


Suchinder Sharma

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Energi och material

M. Bettinelli

Universita degli Studi di Verona

Maths Karlsson

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Energi och material

Journal of Luminescence

0022-2313 (ISSN)

Vol. 196 437-441


Oorganisk kemi

Teoretisk kemi

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