A new framework to evaluate urban design using urban microclimatic modeling in future climatic conditions
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2018

Building more energy-efficient and sustainable urban areas that will both mitigate the effects of climate change and anticipate living conditions in future climate scenarios requires the development of new tools and methods that can help urban planners, architects and communities achieve this goal. In the current study, we designed a workflow that links different methodologies developed separately, to derive the energy consumption of a university school campus for the future. Three different scenarios for typical future years (2039, 2069, 2099) were run, as well as a renovation scenario (Minergie-P). We analyzed the impact of climate change on the heating and cooling demand of buildings and determined the relevance of taking into account the local climate in this particular context. The results from the simulations confirmed that in the future, there will be a constant decrease in the heating demand, while the cooling demand will substantially increase. Significantly, it was further demonstrated that when the local urban climate was taken into account, there was an even higher rise in the cooling demand, but also that a set of proposed Minergie-P renovations were not sufficient to achieve resilient buildings. We discuss the implication of this work for the simulation of building energy consumption at the neighborhood scale and the impact of future local climate on energy system design. We finally give a few perspectives regarding improved urban design and possible pathways for future urban areas.

Sustainable urban planning

Urban climate

Climate change

Energy system sizing

Urban design

Författare

D. Mauree

Ecole Polytechnique Federale De Lausanne

S. Coccolo

Ecole Polytechnique Federale De Lausanne

Amarasinghage Tharindu Dasun Perera

Ecole Polytechnique Federale De Lausanne

Vahid Nik

Chalmers, Arkitektur och samhällsbyggnadsteknik, Byggnadsteknologi

Lunds universitet

J. L. Scartezzini

Ecole Polytechnique Federale De Lausanne

Emanuele Naboni

Kunstakademiets Arkitektskole

Sustainability

2071-1050 (ISSN)

Vol. 10 1134

Ämneskategorier

Annan naturresursteknik

Miljöanalys och bygginformationsteknik

Energisystem

DOI

10.3390/su10041134