Perspectives for the recovery of critical elements from future energy-efficient refrigeration materials
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2018

Rare earth elements (REEs) are the core of many future-sustainable technologies. One example is magnetocaloric refrigeration, an emerging field essential for the efficient use of energy. Future adoption of this technology will require adequate processing of end-of-life units and production residues. Currently, REEs have very high supply risk, and their recovery rates are below 1%. So far, their recovery from magnetocaloric materials has not been addressed. This work reports on a leaching and solvent extraction process to recover REEs from genuine magnetocaloric materials comprising cerium, iron, lanthanum, manganese and silicon. Leaching was studied using nitric, hydrochloric and sulfuric acid solutions, with optimizations in terms of temperature, acid concentration and solid-to-liquid ratio. Recovery of REEs from nitric, hydrochloric, and sulfuric acid leachates was investigated with three types of solvating extractants: tributyl phosphate (TBP), trioctylphosphine oxides (Cyanex 923) and tetraoctyl digylcol amide (TODGA). Extraction was most effective from nitric acid media. Very good extraction selectivity between REEs and non-REEs was achieved with TODGA. Cyanex 923 showed better extraction efficiency than TBP, and performed best in aliphatic diluents. A separation factor of 3.3 between cerium and lanthanum was achieved with 1 mol/L Cyanex 923 in Isopar L.

Magnetocaloric material

Cyanex 923

Rare earth elements

Magnetic refrigeration

Recycling

Hydrometallurgy

Författare

Cristian Tunsu

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Energi och material, Kärnkemi

Martina Petranikova

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Energi och material, Kärnkemi

Journal of Cleaner Production

0959-6526 (ISSN)

Vol. 197 232-241

Ämneskategorier

Analytisk kemi

Kemiska processer

Annan naturresursteknik

DOI

10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.06.185

Mer information

Senast uppdaterat

2018-09-19