Combustion-induced local shear layers within premixed flamelets in weakly turbulent flows
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2018
3D Direct Numerical Simulation data obtained from statistically stationary, planar, weakly turbulent, premixed flames, which are characterized by two different density ratios (7.53 and 2.50) and are associated with the flamelet combustion regime, are analyzed to investigate differences between velocity and pressure variations (i) in flamelets in a weakly turbulent flow and (ii) in the counterpart laminar flame. Results show that while the thermo-chemical structure of the flamelets is weakly affected by turbulence under the studied conditions, the local velocity, vorticity, and pressure fields within the flamelets differ significantly from the velocity, vorticity, and pressure, respectively, fields within the laminar flame. In particular, local shear layers appear within flamelets in the turbulent flow, because acceleration of a reacting mixture by the local pressure gradient is inversely proportional to the mixture density and, hence, depends on the mixture state. The shear layers are characterized by large velocity gradients (both the tangential gradient of the normal velocity with respect to the flamelet surface and the normal gradient of the tangential velocity), whose magnitudes may be comparable with the magnitude of the velocity gradient across the laminar flame. In flamelet zones characterized by a relatively large magnitude of the locally normal gradient of the tangential velocity, the local vorticity magnitude is also large and such zones contribute substantially to the overall generation of vorticity due to baroclinic torque. These results cast doubts on the validity of a simple common modeling approach that consists in directly invoking expressions derived for the laminar flames in order to describe the influence of combustion-induced thermal expansion on weakly turbulent velocity and pressure fields.
premixed turbulent combustion