Low-temperature fabrication and characterization of a symmetric hybrid organic–inorganic slab waveguide for evanescent light microscopy
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2018

Organic and inorganic solid materials form the building blocks for most of today's high-technological instruments and devices. However, challenges related to dissimilar material properties have hampered the synthesis of thin-film devices comprised of both organic and inorganic films. We here give a detailed description of a carefully optimized processing protocol used for the construction of a three-layered hybrid organic–inorganic waveguide-chip intended for combined scattering and fluorescence evanescent-wave microscopy in aqueous environments using conventional upright microscopes. An inorganic core layer (SiO2 or Si3N4), embedded symmetrically in an organic cladding layer (CYTOP), aids simple, yet efficient in-coupling of light, and since the organic cladding layer is refractive index matched to water, low stray-light (background) scattering of the propagating light is ensured. Another major advantage is that the inorganic core layer makes the chip compatible with multiple well-established surface functionalization schemes that allows for a broad range of applications, including detection of single lipid vesicles, metallic nanoparticles or cells in complex environments, either label-free—by direct detection of scattered light—or by use of fluorescence excitation and emission. Herein, focus is put on a detailed description of the fabrication of the waveguide-chip, together with a fundamental characterization of its optical properties and performance, particularly in comparison with conventional epi illumination. Quantitative analysis of images obtained from both fluorescence and scattering intensities from surface-immobilized polystyrene nanoparticles in suspensions of different concentrations, revealed enhanced signal-to-noise and signal-to-background ratios for the waveguide illumination compared to the epi-illumination.

Optical waveguides



Hybrid organic inorganic waveguide

Total internal reflection microscopy

Evanescent-wave microscopy


Björn Agnarsson

Chalmers, Fysik, Biologisk fysik

Mokhtar Mapar

Chalmers, Fysik, Biologisk fysik

Mattias Sjöberg

Chalmers, Fysik, Biologisk fysik

Mohammadreza Alizadehheidari

Chalmers, Biologi och bioteknik, Kemisk biologi

Fredrik Höök

Chalmers, Fysik, Biologisk fysik

Nano Futures

23991984 (eISSN)

Vol. 2 2 025007


Atom- och molekylfysik och optik

Annan fysik




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