Elemental Distribution in CrNbTaTiW-C High Entropy Alloy Thin Films
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2019

The microstructure and distribution of the elements have been studied in thin films of a near-equimolar CrNbTaTiW high entropy alloy (HEA) and films with 8 at.% carbon added to the alloy. The films were deposited by magnetron sputtering at 300°C. X-ray diffraction shows that the near-equimolar metallic film crystallizes in a single-phase body centered cubic (bcc) structure with a strong (110) texture. However, more detailed analyses with transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and atom probe tomography (APT) show a strong segregation of Ti to the grain boundaries forming a very thin Ti-Cr rich interfacial layer. The effect can be explained by the large negative formation enthalpy of Ti-Cr compounds and shows that CrNbTaTiW is not a true HEA at lower temperatures. The addition of 8 at.% carbon leads to the formation of an amorphous structure, which can be explained by the limited solubility of carbon in bcc alloys. TEM energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy indicated that all metallic elements are randomly distributed in the film. The APT investigation, however, revealed that carbide-like clusters are present in the amorphous film.

thin film

carbon clustering


atom probe tomography

high entropy alloy


Deodatta Shinde

Chalmers, Fysik, Mikrostrukturfysik

Stefan Fritze

Uppsala universitet

Mattias Thuvander

Chalmers, Fysik, Mikrostrukturfysik

Paulius Malinovskis

Uppsala universitet

Lars Riekehr

Uppsala universitet

U. Jansson

Uppsala universitet

Krystyna Marta Stiller

Chalmers, Fysik, Mikrostrukturfysik

Microscopy and Microanalysis

1431-9276 (ISSN) 1435-8115 (eISSN)

Vol. 25 2 489-500


Oorganisk kemi


Den kondenserade materiens fysik


Chalmers materialanalyslaboratorium





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