Enhanced efficiency of polymer solar cells by improving molecular aggregation and broadening the absorption spectra
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2019
Alkylthio-substituted thiophene-based benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b’]dithiophene (BDT) was used to construct PBDTS-DTBT, a medium band gap donor-acceptor (D-A) polymer with 5,6-difluoro-4,7-bis[4-(2-octyldodecyl)thiophene-2-yl]benzo[c] [1,2,5]thiadiazole (DTBT). The incorporation of sulfur atoms into the side chains not only lowered the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) energy level but also improved molecular aggregation and thus afforded lower band gap (1.68 eV) with full width at half maximum (FWHM) of 170 nm in comparison to that of the analogous polymer (PBDT-DTBT) without sulfur atoms in side chains. Therefore, the bulk heterojunction polymer solar cells based on PBDTS-DTBT with 2% diiodooctane (DIO) as processing additive showed a high power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 9.73% with high open-circuit voltage (V OC , 0.93 V), large short-circuit current density (J SC , 14.23 mA/cm 2 ) and high fill factor (FF, 0.735).
Polymer solar cells
High fill factor