Mechanism of Trehalose-Induced Protein Stabilization from Neutron Scattering and Modeling
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2019

The sugar molecule trehalose has been proven to be an excellent stabilizing cosolute for the preservation of biological materials. However, the stabilizing mechanism of trehalose has been much debated during the previous decades, and it is still not fully understood, partly because it has not been completely established how trehalose molecules structure around proteins. Here, we present a molecular model of a protein-water-trehalose system, based on neutron scattering results obtained from neutron diffraction, quasielastic neutron scattering, and different computer modeling techniques. The structural data clearly show how the proteins are preferentially hydrated, and analysis of the dynamical properties show that the protein residues are slowed down because of reduced dynamics of the protein hydration shell, rather than because of direct trehalose-protein interactions. These findings, thereby, strongly support previous models related to the preferential hydration model and contradict other models based on water replacement at the protein surface. Furthermore, the results are important for understanding the specific role of trehalose in biological stabilization and, more generally, for providing a likely mechanism of how cosolutes affect the dynamics of proteins.

Författare

Christoffer Olsson

Chalmers, Fysik, Biologisk fysik

Samuel Genheden

Göteborgs universitet

Victoria García Sakai

ISIS Facility

Jan Swenson

Chalmers, Fysik, Biologisk fysik

Journal of Physical Chemistry B

1520-6106 (ISSN) 1520-5207 (eISSN)

Vol. 123 17 3679-3687

Ämneskategorier

Biokemi och molekylärbiologi

Biofysik

Strukturbiologi

DOI

10.1021/acs.jpcb.9b01856

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Senast uppdaterat

2019-05-20