Acoustic road-type estimation for intelligent vehicle safety applications
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2014
A low-cost acoustic road-type classification system is proposed to be used in road-tyre friction force estimation in active safety applications. The system employs audio signal processing and extracts features such as linear predictive coefficients (LPC), mel-frequency cepstrum coefficients (MFCC) and power spectrum coefficients (PSC). The features are extracted using time windows of 0.02, 0.05 and 0.1 seconds in order to find the best representative window for the signal properties which should also be as short as possible for active safety systems. In order to find the best feature space, a variance analysis based approach is considered to represent the road types as distinguished classes. Optimised feature space is classified using artificial neural networks (ANN). The results show that the designed ANN can classify the road types with 91% accuracy at worst condition. To demonstrate the value of the system, a case study including traction control application is reported.
acoustic signal processing
road type estimation
active vehicle safety