The potential of naturalistic driving for in-depth understanding of driver behavior: UDRIVE results and beyond
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2019

Within the UDRIVE project, a rich cross-European naturalistic driving database was created which includes everyday driving data on car and truck drivers and powered two-wheeler riders. The database provides extensive, reliable insights into driving behavior in real traffic as a foundation for improving the safety and sustainability of European road traffic. This paper discusses the characteristics of the data in the UDRIVE database—elucidating key methodological choices and presenting a selection of results to date. A priority of the study design was obtaining in-depth information on driving behavior, permitting the exploration of diverse research questions. A tailor-made data acquisition system collected very comprehensive data. A total of 287 drivers/riders participated. The sample size restricts the addressable research topics to common behaviors in everyday driving and limits the generalizability of results. However, the data are extensive and promising analyses have already been performed. The results show differences between European countries for distracting activities, seatbelt use, and looking behavior towards cyclists at urban intersections. Moreover, it shows that European drivers engage less in mobile phone use than U.S. drivers. It is likely that European drivers differ in other ways, also—highlighting the dataset's value for developing and implementing targeted safety measures, for the E.U. and its individual countries. Based on the comparison of the different studies, the paper introduces the general conceptual framework for naturalistic driving studies, providing insight in the relation between the scope of a naturalistic driving study and the key methodological choices on sample selection and data acquisition system.


Vulnerable road users

Framework for naturalistic driving studies

Risky driving

Driving behavior


Naturalistic driving

Traffic safety



Nicole van Nes

Stichting Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek Verkeersveiligheid (SWOV)

Jonas Bärgman

Trafiksäkerhetsanalys och olycksprevention

Michiel Christoph

Stichting Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek Verkeersveiligheid (SWOV)

Ingrid van Schagen

Stichting Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek Verkeersveiligheid (SWOV)

Safety Science

0925-7535 (ISSN) 18791042 (eISSN)

Vol. 119 11-20

eUropean naturalistic Driving and Riding for Infrastructure & Vehicle safety and Environment (UDRIVE)

Europeiska kommissionen (EU) (EC/FP7/314050), 2012-10-01 -- 2016-09-30.


Transportteknik och logistik


Tillämpad psykologi



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