Solar harvesting based on perfect absorbing all-dielectric nanoresonators on a mirror
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2019

The high-index all-dielectric nanoantenna system is a platform recently used for multiple applications, from metalenses to light management. These systems usually exhibit low absorption/scattering ratios and are not efficient photon harvesters. Nevertheless, by exploiting far-field interference, all-dielectric nanostructures can be engineered to achieve near-perfect absorption in specific wavelength ranges. Here, we propose - based on electrodynamics simulations - that a metasurface composed of an array of hydrogenated amorphous silicon nanoparticles on a mirror can achieve nearly complete light absorption close to the bandgap. We apply this concept to a realistic device, predicting a boost of optical performance of thin-film solar cells made of such nanostructures. In the proposed device, high-index dielectric nanoparticles act not only as nanoatennas able to concentrate light but also as the solar cell active medium, contacted at its top and bottom by transparent electrodes. By optimization of the exact geometrical parameters, we predict a system that could achieve initial conversion efficiency values well beyond 9% - using only the equivalent of a 75-nm thick active material. The device absorption enhancement is 50% compared to an unstructured device in the 400 nm - 550 nm range and more than 300% in the 650 nm - 700 nm spectral region. We demonstrate that such large values are related to the metasurface properties and to the perfect absorption mechanism. (C) 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement


Robin Vismara

TU Delft

Nils Odebo Länk

Chalmers, Fysik, Bionanofotonik

Ruggero Verre

Chalmers, Fysik, Bionanofotonik

Mikael Käll

Chalmers, Fysik, Bionanofotonik

Olindo Isabella

TU Delft

Miro Zeman

TU Delft

Optics Express

1094-4087 (ISSN) 10944087 (eISSN)

Vol. 27 16 A967-A980


Atom- och molekylfysik och optik

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Annan materialteknik





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