Flammability, Smoke, Mechanical Behaviours and Morphology of Flame Retarded Natural Fibre/Elium® Composite
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2019

The work involves fabrication of natural fibre/Elium® composites using resin infusion technique. The jute fabrics were treated using phosphorus-carbon based flame retardant (FR) agent, a phosphonate solution and graphene nano-platelet (GnP), followed by resin infusion, to produce FR and graphene-based composites. The properties of these composites were compared with those of the Control (jute fabric/Elium®). As obtained from the cone calorimeter and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, the peak heat release rate reduced significantly after the FR and GnP treatments of fabrics whereas total smoke release and quantity of carbon monoxide increased with the incorporation of FR. The addition of GnP had almost no effect on carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide yield. Dynamic mechanical analysis demonstrated that coating jute fabrics with GnP particles led to an enhanced glass transition temperature by 14%. Scanning electron microscopy showed fibre pull-out locations in the tensile fracture surface of the laminates after incorporation of both fillers, which resulted in reduced tensile properties.


Pooria Khalili

Chalmers, Industri- och materialvetenskap, Material- och beräkningsmekanik

Brina Blinzler

Chalmers, Industri- och materialvetenskap, Material- och beräkningsmekanik

Roland Kádár

Chalmers, Industri- och materialvetenskap, Konstruktionsmaterial

Roeland Bisschop

Chalmers, Industri- och materialvetenskap, Material- och beräkningsmekanik

Michael Försth

Luleå tekniska universitet

RISE Research Institutes of Sweden

Per Blomqvist

RISE Research Institutes of Sweden


19961944 (eISSN)

Vol. 12 17 2648- 2648


Nanovetenskap och nanoteknik




Bearbetnings-, yt- och fogningsteknik

Metallurgi och metalliska material

Den kondenserade materiens fysik



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