Flammability, Smoke, Mechanical Behaviours and Morphology of Flame Retarded Natural Fibre/Elium® Composite
Journal article, 2019

The work involves fabrication of natural fibre/Elium® composites using resin infusion technique. The jute fabrics were treated using phosphorus-carbon based flame retardant (FR) agent, a phosphonate solution and graphene nano-platelet (GnP), followed by resin infusion, to produce FR and graphene-based composites. The properties of these composites were compared with those of the Control (jute fabric/Elium®). As obtained from the cone calorimeter and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, the peak heat release rate reduced significantly after the FR and GnP treatments of fabrics whereas total smoke release and quantity of carbon monoxide increased with the incorporation of FR. The addition of GnP had almost no effect on carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide yield. Dynamic mechanical analysis demonstrated that coating jute fabrics with GnP particles led to an enhanced glass transition temperature by 14%. Scanning electron microscopy showed fibre pull-out locations in the tensile fracture surface of the laminates after incorporation of both fillers, which resulted in reduced tensile properties.

Author

Pooria Khalili

Chalmers, Industrial and Materials Science, Material and Computational Mechanics

Brina Blinzler

Chalmers, Industrial and Materials Science, Material and Computational Mechanics

Roland Kádár

Chalmers, Industrial and Materials Science, Engineering Materials

Roeland Bisschop

Chalmers, Industrial and Materials Science, Material and Computational Mechanics

Michael Försth

Luleå University of Technology

RISE Research Institutes of Sweden

Per Blomqvist

RISE Research Institutes of Sweden

Materials

1996-1944 (ISSN)

Vol. 12 17 2648-

Areas of Advance

Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (2010-2017)

Production

Materials Science

Subject Categories

Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology

Metallurgy and Metallic Materials

Condensed Matter Physics

DOI

10.3390/ma12172648

More information

Latest update

11/12/2019