Environmental assessment of Swedish clothing consumption - six garments, sustainable futures
Rapport, 2019

The aim of this work was to map and understand the current environmental impact of Swedish clothing consumption. A life cycle assessment (LCA) was used to evaluate the environmental impact of six garments: a T-shirt, a pair of jeans, a dress, a jacket, a pair of socks, and a hospital uniform, using indicators of climate impact (also called “carbon footprint”), energy use, water scarcity, land use impact on soil quality, freshwater ecotoxicity, and human toxicity. The environmental impact of the six garments was then scaled up to represent Swedish national clothing consumption over one year.In addition to fulfilling this aim, the report is a unique and rich source of transparently documented inventory data on a large number of textile processes – hopefully this can be of use for other LCA practitioners. The report updates Roos et al. (2015), which was the first detailed LCA study of Swedish clothing consumption at the national level. Since the publication of the first edition, several LCA studies of textile production processes and global apparel consumption have been published, which have enabled us to refine the inventory model and benchmark the results.The work was done in Mistra Future Fashion, a cross-disciplinary research program in 2011-2019 which aimed to enable a systemic change in the Swedish fashion industry leading to sustainable development in industry and society.



Life Cycle Assessment


Gustav A Sandin

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Kemiteknik

Sandra Roos

RISE Research Institutes of Sweden

Björn Spak

RISE Research Institutes of Sweden

Bahareh Zamani

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Kemiteknik

Gregory Peters

Chalmers, Teknikens ekonomi och organisation, Environmental Systems Analysis

Future Fashion - hållbart mode

Stiftelsen för miljöstrategisk forskning (Mistra), 2015-06-01 -- 2019-06-30.

Stiftelsen för miljöstrategisk forskning (Mistra), 2011-06-01 -- 2019-05-30.


Hållbar utveckling







Miljöanalys och bygginformationsteknik





RISE Research Institutes of Sweden

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