Ambient-Dried, 3D-Printable and Electrically Conducting Cellulose Nanofiber Aerogels by Inclusion of Functional Polymers
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2020

This study presents a novel, green, and efficient way of preparing crosslinked aerogels from cellulose nanofibers (CNFs) and alginate using non-covalent chemistry. This new process can ultimately facilitate the fast, continuous, and large-scale production of porous, light-weight materials as it does not require freeze-drying, supercritical CO2 drying, or any environmentally harmful crosslinking chemistries. The reported preparation procedure relies solely on the successive freezing, solvent-exchange, and ambient drying of composite CNF-alginate gels. The presented findings suggest that a highly-porous structure can be preserved throughout the process by simply controlling the ionic strength of the gel. Aerogels with tunable densities (23–38 kg m−3) and compressive moduli (97–275 kPa) can be prepared by using different CNF concentrations. These low-density networks have a unique combination of formability (using molding or 3D-printing) and wet-stability (when ion exchanged to calcium ions). To demonstrate their use in advanced wet applications, the printed aerogels are functionalized with very high loadings of conducting poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):tosylate (PEDOT:TOS) polymer by using a novel in situ polymerization approach. In-depth material characterization reveals that these aerogels have the potential to be used in not only energy storage applications (specific capacitance of 78 F g−1), but also as mechanical-strain and humidity sensors.

aerogels

poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)

cellulose

nanofibers

organic electronics

Författare

Hugo Françon

Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan (KTH)

Zhen Wang

Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan (KTH)

Andrew Marais

Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan (KTH)

Katarzyna Mystek

Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan (KTH)

Andrew Piper

Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan (KTH)

Hjalmar Granberg

Innventia

Abdellah Malti

Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan (KTH)

Paul Gatenholm

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Tillämpad kemi, Paul Gatenholm Group

Per A. Larsson

Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan (KTH)

L. Wagberg

Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan (KTH)

Advanced Functional Materials

1616-301X (ISSN)

Vol. 30 12 1909383

Ämneskategorier

Polymerkemi

Pappers-, massa- och fiberteknik

Polymerteknologi

DOI

10.1002/adfm.201909383

Mer information

Senast uppdaterat

2020-04-07