Mass determinations of the three mini-Neptunes transiting TOI-125
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2020

The Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite, TESS, is currently carrying out an all-sky search for small planets transiting bright stars. In the first year of the TESS survey, a steady progress was made in achieving the mission's primary science goal of establishing bulk densities for 50 planets smaller than Neptune. During that year, the TESS's observations were focused on the southern ecliptic hemisphere, resulting in the discovery of three mini-Neptunes orbiting the star TOI-125, a V = 11.0 K0 dwarf. We present intensive HARPS radial velocity observations, yielding precise mass measurements for TOI-125b, TOI-125c, and TOI-125d. TOI-125b has an orbital period of 4.65 d, a radius of 2.726 ± 0.075 RE, a mass of 9.50 ± 0.88 ME, and is near the 2:1 mean motion resonance with TOI-125c at 9.15 d. TOI-125c has a similar radius of 2.759 ± 0.10 RE and a mass of 6.63 ± 0.99 ME, being the puffiest of the three planets. TOI-125d has an orbital period of 19.98 d and a radius of 2.93 ± 0.17 RE and mass 13.6 ± 1.2 ME. For TOI-125b and d, we find unusual high eccentricities of 0.19 ± 0.04 and 0.17+0.08-0.06, respectively. Our analysis also provides upper mass limits for the two low-SNR planet candidates in the system; for TOI-125.04 (RP = 1.36 RE, P = 0.53 d), we find a 2σ upper mass limit of 1.6 ME, whereas TOI-125.05 (R_P=4.2+2.4-1.4 RE, P = 13.28 d) is unlikely a viable planet candidate with an upper mass limit of 2.7 ME. We discuss the internal structure of the three confirmed planets, as well as dynamical stability and system architecture for this intriguing exoplanet system.

Planets and satellites: individual: (TOI-125

Astrophysics - Earth and Planetary Astrophysics

TIC 52368076)

Planets and satellites: detection

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Författare

L. D. Nielsen

D. Gandolfi

D. J. Armstrong

J. S. Jenkins

Malcolm Fridlund

Chalmers, Rymd-, geo- och miljövetenskap, Astronomi och plasmafysik, Galaktisk astrofysik

N. C. Santos

F. Dai

V. Adibekyan

R. Luque

J. H. Steffen

M. Esposito

F. Meru

S. Sabotta

E. Bolmont

D. Kossakowski

J. F. Otegi

F. Murgas

M. Stalport

F. Rodler

M. R. Díaz

N. T. Kurtovic

G. Ricker

R. Vanderspek

D.W. Latham

S. Seager

J. N. Winn

J. M. Jenkins

R. Allart

J. M. Almenara

D. Barrado

S. C. C. Barros

D. Bayliss

Z. M. Berdiñas

I. Boisse

F. Bouchy

P. Boyd

D. J. A. Brown

E. M. Bryant

C. Burke

W. D. Cochran

B. F. Cooke

O. D. S. Demangeon

R. F. Diaz

J. Dittman

C. Dorn

X. Dumusque

R. A. García

L. González-Cuesta

S. Grziwa

Iskra Georgieva

Chalmers, Rymd-, geo- och miljövetenskap, Astronomi och plasmafysik, Galaktisk astrofysik

N. Guerrero

A. P. Hatzes

R. Helled

C. E. Henze

S. Hojjatpanah

J. Korth

K. W. F. Lam

J. Lillo-Box

T. A. Lopez

J. Livingston

S. Mathur

O. Mousis

N. Narita

H. P. Osborn

E. Palle

P. A. Rojas

P. A. Peña

Carina Persson

Chalmers, Rymd-, geo- och miljövetenskap, Astronomi och plasmafysik, Galaktisk astrofysik

S. N. Quinn

H. Rauer

S. Redfield

A. Santerne

L. A. dos Santos

J. V. Seidel

S. G. Sousa

E. B. Ting

M. Turbet

S. Udry

A. Vanderburg

V. Van Eylen

J. I. Vines

P. J. Wheatley

P. A. Wilson

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

0035-8711 (ISSN) 1365-2966 (eISSN)

Vol. 492 4 5399-5412

Ämneskategorier

Astronomi, astrofysik och kosmologi

Fundament

Grundläggande vetenskaper

DOI

10.1093/mnras/staa197

Mer information

Skapat

2020-02-26