Characterising random partitions by random colouring
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2020
Let (X-1, X-2, ...) be a random partition of the unit interval [0, 1], i.e. X-i >= 0 and Sigma(i >= 1) X-i = 1, and let (epsilon(1), epsilon(2), ...) be i.i.d. Bernoulli random variables of parameter p is an element of (0, 1). The Bernoulli convolution of the partition is the random variable Z = Sigma(i >= 1) epsilon X-i(i). The question addressed in this article is: Knowing the distribution of Z for some fixed p is an element of (0, 1), what can we infer about the random partition (X-1, X-2, ...)? We consider random partitions formed by residual allocation and prove that their distributions are fully characterised by their Bernoulli convolution if and only if the parameter p is not equal to 1/2.