Exploring the Possibility of beta-Phase Arsenic-Phosphorus Polymorph Monolayer as Anode Materials for Sodium-Ion Batteries
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2020
Graphite anode have shown commercial success for over two decades, since the start of their use in commercial Li-ion batteries, due to their high practical specific capacity, conductivity, and low lithiation potential. Graphite is to a large extent thermodynamically unfavorable for sodium-ion intercalation and thus limits advancement in Na-ion batteries. In this work, a beta-phase arsenic-phosphorus monolayer is studied, which has recently been predicted to have semiconducting behavior and to be dynamically stable. First-principles calculations based on density functional theory are used to explore the role of beta-AsP monolayer as a negative electrode for Na-ion batteries. Cohesive energy, phonon spectrum, and molecule dynamics simulations confirm the thermodynamic stability and the possibility of experimentally synthesizing this material. The Na-ion adsorption-energies are found to be high (>-1.2 eV) on both sides (As- and P-side). The ultra-fast energy barriers for Na (0.046/0.053 V) over both sides imply high diffusion of Na-ions on the surfaces of beta-AsP. During the evaluation of Na-ion anode performance, the fully sodiated state is found to be Na2AsP, which yields a high theoretical-specific capacity of 506.16 mAh g(-1)and low average sodiation potential of 0.43 V versus Na/Na+.