Utilisation of municipal solid waste incinerator (MSWI) fly ash with metakaolin for preparation of alkali-activated cementitious material
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2021

The proper treatment on hazardous municipal solid waste incineration fly ash (MSWIFA) is important. The application of alkali-activation technology to prepare alkali-activated MSWIFA (AAFA) material provides a potential not only to immobilise the heavy metals, but also to trigger its pozzolanic property in manufacturing building material. In this study, in addition to investigate the feasibility of alkaline activation technology in preparing AAFA with sodium silicate activator, the effect of metakaolin in AAFA (AAFM) was also explored to enhance its performance. The results showed that, compared to the AAFA, blending 10 % metakaolin in AAFA significantly improved both 28-day and 90-days compressive strengths, which was almost 200 % higher than that of AAFA. The compressive strength was increased with increasing the dosage of sodium silicate. The C-S-H gel was observed as the main hydration product of AAFA and AAFM. Moreover, the ettringite was observed in AAFM due to the reaction between the CaSO4 in MSWIFA and aluminate phase from metakaolin. Finally, the 28 and 210-day leaching behaviours of AAFM on Zn, Cu, Pb, Cd, Cr and Ni were successfully suppressed to less than 1 % of that originally from MSWIFA, which can meet the requirement from Chinese standards.

Alkali-activated cementitious material

Compressive strength


MSWI fly ash

Leaching toxicity


Jun Liu

Shenzhen University

Lu Hu

Shenzhen University

Luping Tang

Chalmers, Arkitektur och samhällsbyggnadsteknik, Byggnadsteknologi

Jun Ren

Shenzhen University

Harbin Institute of Technology

Journal of Hazardous Materials

0304-3894 (ISSN) 18733336 (eISSN)

Vol. 402 123451


Oorganisk kemi

Annan naturresursteknik


Annan kemiteknik





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