Marine renewable energy sources for desalination, generating freshwater and lithium
Paper i proceeding, 2019

A novel concept is presented on lithium extraction of desalination from marine renewable energy sources. The wave-and marine current energy converters designed at Uppsala University in Sweden are evaluated as potential drivers of desalination processes, off-grid, for both local lithium extraction and freshwater production. Also, aqueous mining for other minerals is briefly discussed. Calculations, estimating the freshwater and lithium production from desalination plants powered by marine renewable energy sources, are presented. It is estimated that a medium-sized desalination plant, producing 7500 m3/day, could also generate 1.28 kg lithium daily, utilizing reverse osmosis desalination and electrodialysis, powered by marine energy converter parks. To the best of our knowledge, this concept has never previously been suggested in literature.

Brine management

Marine current energy

Electric vehicles

Lithium-ion battery

Aqueous mining


Wave power


Jennifer Leijon

Uppsala universitet

Sara Anttila

Uppsala universitet

Anna E. Frost

Uppsala universitet

Sofia Kontos

Uppsala universitet

Jens Engström

Uppsala universitet

Mats Leijon

Chalmers, Elektroteknik, Elkraftteknik

Uppsala universitet

Cecilia Boström

Uppsala universitet

Proceedings of the International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference

10986189 (ISSN) 15551792 (eISSN)

Vol. 1 562-568

29th International Ocean and Polar Engineering Conference, ISOPE 2019
Honolulu, USA,


Hållbar utveckling





Marin teknik

Annan elektroteknik och elektronik

Mer information

Senast uppdaterat