Impact of electricity market feedback on investments in solar photovoltaic and battery systems in Swedish single-family dwellings
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2021

The profitability of investments in photovoltaics (PVs) and batteries in private households depends on the market price of electricity, which in turn is affected by the investments made in and the usage of PVs and batteries. This creates a feedback mechanism between the centralised electricity generation system, and household investments in PVs and batteries. To investigate this feedback effect, we connect a local optimisation model for household investments with a European power generation dispatch model. The local optimisation is based on the consumption profiles measured for 2104 Swedish households. The modelling compares three different scenarios for the centralised electricity supply system in Year 2032, as well as several sensitivity cases. Our results show total investment levels of 5–20 GWp of PV and 0.01–10 GWh of battery storage capacity in Swedish households in the investigated cases. These levels are up to 33% lower than before market feedback is taken into account. The profitability of PV investments is affected most by the price of electricity and the assumptions made regarding grid tariffs and taxes. The value of investments in batteries depends on both the benefits of increased self-consumption of PV electricity and market arbitrage.


Solar power

Energy systems modelling


Joel Goop

Chalmers, Rymd-, geo- och miljövetenskap, Energiteknik

Emil Nyholm

Chalmers, Rymd-, geo- och miljövetenskap, Energiteknik

Mikael Odenberger

Chalmers, Rymd-, geo- och miljövetenskap, Energiteknik

Filip Johnsson

Chalmers, Rymd-, geo- och miljövetenskap, Energiteknik

Renewable Energy

0960-1481 (ISSN) 18790682 (eISSN)

Vol. 163 1078-1091


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