ALMA 002 Resolution Observations Reveal HCN-abundance-enhanced Counter-rotating and Outflowing Dense Molecular Gas at the NGC 1068 Nucleus
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2020

We present ALMA similar to 002 resolution observations of the nucleus of the nearby (similar to 14 Mpc) type 2 active galactic nucleus NGC 1068 at HCN/HCO+/HNCJ = 3-2 lines, as well as at their(13)C isotopologue and vibrationally excited lines, to scrutinize the morphological, dynamical, chemical, and physical properties of dense molecular gas in the putative dusty molecular torus around a mass-accreting supermassive black hole. We confirm almost east-west-oriented dense molecular gas emission both morphologically and dynamically, which we regard as coming from the torus. Bright emission is compact (less than or similar to 3 pc), and low-surface-brightness emission extends out to 5-7 pc. These dense molecular gas properties are not symmetric between the eastern and western torus. The HCNJ = 3-2 emission is stronger than the HCO(+)J = 3-2 emission within the similar to 7 pc torus region, with an estimated dense molecular mass of (0.4-1.0) x 10(6)M. We interpret that HCN abundance is enhanced in the torus. We detect signatures of outflowing dense molecular gas and a vibrationally excited HCNJ = 3-2 line. Finally, we find that in the innermost (less than or similar to 1 pc) part of the torus, the dense molecular line rotation velocity, relative to the systemic velocity, is the opposite of that in the outer (greater than or similar to 2 pc) part, in both the eastern and western torus. We prefer a scenario of counter-rotating dense molecular gas with innermost almost Keplerian rotation and outer slowly rotating (far below Keplerian) components. Our high-spatial-resolution dense molecular line data reveal that torus properties of NGC 1068 are much more complicated than the simple axisymmetrically rotating torus picture in the classical active galactic nucleus unification paradigm.

Molecular gas

Seyfert galaxies

Radio interferometry

Millimeter astronomy

Supermassive black holes

Active galactic nuclei

Författare

Masatoshi Imanishi

The Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI)

National Institutes of Natural Sciences

Dieu D. Nguyen

National Institutes of Natural Sciences

Keiichi Wada

Kagoshima University

Hokkaido University

Ehime University

Yoshiaki Hagiwara

Toyo University

Satoru Iguchi

The Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI)

National Institutes of Natural Sciences

Takuma Izumi

National Institutes of Natural Sciences

The Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI)

Nozomu Kawakatu

National Institute of Technology, Kure College

Kouichiro Nakanishi

National Institutes of Natural Sciences

The Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI)

Kyoko Onishi

Chalmers, Rymd-, geo- och miljövetenskap, Astronomi och plasmafysik, Extragalaktisk astrofysik

Astrophysical Journal

0004-637X (ISSN) 1538-4357 (eISSN)

Vol. 902 2 99

Ämneskategorier

Astronomi, astrofysik och kosmologi

Atom- och molekylfysik och optik

Teoretisk kemi

DOI

10.3847/1538-4357/abaf50

Mer information

Senast uppdaterat

2020-11-30