Super Star Clusters in the Central Starburst of NGC 4945
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2020

The nearby (3.8Mpc) galaxy NGC 4945 hosts a nuclear starburst and Seyfert type 2 active galactic nucleus (AGN). We use the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) to image the 93 GHz (3.2 mm) free-free continuum and hydrogen recombination line emission (H40 alpha and H42 alpha) at 2.2 pc (0 12) resolution. Our observations reveal 27 bright, compact sources with FWHM sizes of 1.4-4.0 pc, which we identify as candidate super star clusters. Recombination line emission, tracing the ionizing photon rate of the candidate clusters, is detected in 15 sources, six of which have a significant synchrotron component to the 93 GHz continuum. Adopting an age of similar to 5Myr, the stellar masses implied by the ionizing photon luminosities are log(10) (M*/M-circle dot) approximate to 4.7-6.1. We fit a slope to the cluster mass distribution and find beta = -1.8 +/-.0.4. The gas masses associated with these clusters, derived from the dust continuum at 350 GHz, are typically an order of magnitude lower than the stellar mass. These candidate clusters appear to have already converted a large fraction of their dense natal material into stars and, given their small freefall times of similar to 0.05 Myr, are surviving an early volatile phase. We identify a pointlike source in 93 GHz continuum emission that is presumed to be the AGN. We do not detect recombination line emission from the AGN and place an upper limit on the ionizing photons that leak into the starburst region of Q(0).<.10(52) s(-1).

Starburst galaxies

Star formation


Star clusters


Kimberly L. Emig

Universiteit Leiden

Alberto D. Bolatto

University of Maryland

Adam K. Leroy

Ohio State University

Elisabeth A. C. Mills

University of Kansas

Maria J. Jimenez Donaire

Observatorio Astronómico Nacional (OAN)

Alexander G. G. M. Tielens

Universiteit Leiden

University of Maryland

Adam Ginsburg

University of Florida

Mark Gorski

Chalmers, Rymd-, geo- och miljövetenskap, Astronomi och plasmafysik, Extragalaktisk astrofysik

Nico Krieger


Rebecca C. Levy

University of Maryland

David S. Meier

National Radio Astronomy Observatory Socorro

New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology

Jurgen Ott

National Radio Astronomy Observatory Socorro

Erik Rosolowsky

University of Alberta

Todd A. Thompson

Ohio State University

Sylvain Veilleux

University of Maryland

Astrophysical Journal

0004-637X (ISSN) 1538-4357 (eISSN)

Vol. 903 1 50


Subatomär fysik

Astronomi, astrofysik och kosmologi

Atom- och molekylfysik och optik



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