A review of installation effects of ultra-high bypass ratio engines
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2020

The adoption of ultra-high bypass ratio (UHBPR) engines has been long recognised to bring about reduction of specific fuel consumption and noise emission. In the need to fulfil ambitious environmental targets and mitigate the aviation sector impact, they represent a smoother technology change, compared to futuristic aircraft designs featuring electric, distributed and boundary layer ingesting propulsion. However, the challenges related to
UHBPR adoption can prevent a real system performance improvement, due to interdependent counteracting factors and enhanced interference between engine and airframe. This paper reviews the installation effects on underwing-mounted UHBPR turbofan engines, first presenting the cycle design studies and how they are affected by considering integration. The advancements in nacelle components modelling and optimisation are then reviewed, where new numerical models, statistical methods and optimisation algorithms are employed to tackle the inherently multi-objective problems. The computational estimation of installation effects and the studies on optimal engine position are also presented, highlighting the overall effect on the aerodynamic characteristics.
Finally, the wind tunnel tests using powered engine simulators are discussed. The tools developed to quantify the thrust and drag figures of installed propulsors and obtain indications on their best underwing location now allow quite accurate estimations, both in numerical and experimental simulations. The higher level of interaction and the increased mutual sensitivity of engine operation and wing flow field, however, suggest the need to elaborate
closely coupled methods to correctly replicate these effects and an assessment of current wind tunnel practices for the design and operation of powered engine simulators.

Installation effect, Engine integration, UHBPR

Författare

Andrea Magrini

Università di Padova

Ernesto Benini

Università di Padova

Huadong Yao

Chalmers, Mekanik och maritima vetenskaper, Strömningslära

Jos Postma

DNW German-Dutch Wind Tunnel

Christopher TJ Sheaf

Rolls-Royce PLC

Progress in Aerospace Sciences

0376-0421 (ISSN)

Vol. 119 100680

Installed adVAnced Nacelle uHbr Optimisation and Evaluation (IVANHOE)

Europeiska kommissionen (EU), 2019-10-01 -- 2022-09-30.

Styrkeområden

Transport

Energi

Ämneskategorier

Rymd- och flygteknik

Farkostteknik

Infrastruktur

C3SE (Chalmers Centre for Computational Science and Engineering)

DOI

10.1016/j.paerosci.2020.100680

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Senast uppdaterat

2021-01-04