Fluid dynamic analysis of dual fluidized bed gasifier for solar applications
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2021
A hydrodynamic model of a dual fluidized bed gasifier (DFBG) is developed and its predictions are compared with measurements of solids flux and pressure profiles from a cold flow model (CFM). Then, the performance of a DFBG gasifier is theoretically analyzed in terms of solids circulation and solids distribution under changes in riser and loop seal aeration, solids inventory and particle size, and a sensitivity analysis is made to delimit the model prediction capability. Furthermore, the model is applied to analyze the effects of key design aspects of DFBG, such as the relative size of riser and gasifier, the connection between both units, the circulation rate of solids and their distribution around the system. The model is further used to extend the DFBG operation with external solar energy carried by heated solid particles, i.e. to design solar DFBG (SDFBG). The analysis is focused on the performance with high solids inventory in the gasifier to increase the char conversion (operation with a large solar share) and the control of solids circulation to meet the heat demand of the gasifier with the availability of solar energy. The operation with large solids inventory in the gasifier requires the size of the gasifier to increase considerably compared to that of the conventional DFBG. The substitution of the connection pipe between the riser and the bubbling bed (current design in commercial DFBG) by a lower loop seal enables better control of the solids circulation, thus, benefiting the solar design.