Fe and Cr phase separation in super and hyper duplex stainless steel plates and welds after very short aging times
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2021

Fe and Cr phase separation in ferrite, causing 475 °C-embrittlement, was studied after very short aging times in super duplex stainless steel (SDSS) and hyper duplex stainless steel (HDSS) plates and welds. Atom probe tomography showed that hot-rolled SDSS, experiencing significant metal working, had faster kinetics of phase separations compared to the SDSS and HDSS welds after 5 min aging at 475 °C. The surface of the 33-mm SDSS plate had faster Fe and Cr phase separation and larger toughness drop. A higher density of dislocations next to the austenite phase boundary in ferrite, detected by electron channeling contrast, can promote the phase separation at the surface of the plate with lower austenite spacing. The toughness dropped in HDSS welds after aging, but SDSS welds maintained their toughness. An inverse simulation method considering an initial sinusoidal nanometric Cr and Fe fluctuation showed that Ni increases the interdiffusion of Cr in the system, resulting a higher degree of phase separation in SDSS welds than the HDSS weld. Within the composition range of the studied SDSS and HDSS materials, the processing influences the Fe and Cr phase separation more than the variation in composition during short aging or typical fabrication times.

Welding, hot rolling

Atom probe tomography

Spinodal decomposition


Duplex stainless steels


Vahid A Hosseini

Högskolan Väst

Mattias Thuvander

Chalmers, Fysik, Mikrostrukturfysik

Kristina Lindgren

Chalmers, Fysik, Mikrostrukturfysik

James Oliver

Outokumpu AB

Nicklas Folkeson


Daniel Gonzalez


Leif Karlsson

Högskolan Väst

Materials and Design

0264-1275 (ISSN) 1873-4197 (eISSN)

Vol. 210 110055


Fysikalisk kemi

Bearbetnings-, yt- och fogningsteknik

Metallurgi och metalliska material


Chalmers materialanalyslaboratorium



Mer information

Senast uppdaterat