On state instability of the bi-stable flow past a notchback bluff body
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2022

The wake of a notchback Ahmed body presenting a bi-stable nature is investigated by performing wind tunnel experiments and large-eddy simulations. Attention is confined to the Reynolds number (Re) influence on the wake state instability within 5 x 10(4) <= Re <= 25 x 10(4). Experimental observations suggest a wake bi-stability with low-frequency switches under low Re. The wake becomes 'tri-stable' with the increase of Re with the introduction of a new symmetric state. The higher presence of the symmetric state can be considered as a symmetrization of the wake bi-stability with an increasing Re. The wake symmetry under high Re attributed to the highly frequent switches of the wake is extremely sensitive to small yaw angles, showing the feature of bi-stable flows. The wake asymmetry is confirmed in numerical simulations with both low and high Re. The wake asymmetries are indicated by the wake separation, the reattachment and the wake dynamics identified by the proper orthogonal decomposition. However, the turbulence level is found to be significantly higher with a higher Re. This leads to a higher possibility to break the asymmetric state, resulting in highly frequent switches showing symmetry.



Kan He

Central South University

Chalmers, Mekanik och maritima vetenskaper, Strömningslära

Guglielmo Minelli

Volvo Cars

Xinchao Su

Chalmers, Mekanik och maritima vetenskaper, Strömningslära

Guangjun Gao

Central South University

Sinisa Krajnovic

Chalmers, Mekanik och maritima vetenskaper, Strömningslära

Journal of Fluid Mechanics

0022-1120 (ISSN) 1469-7645 (eISSN)

Vol. 931 R6


Rymd- och flygteknik


Strömningsmekanik och akustik



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