Numerical predictions of crack growth direction in a railhead under contact, bending and thermal loads
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2022

The effect of different operational loading scenarios on predicted crack growth direction for a propagating inclined railhead crack is assessed by 2D finite element simulations. Studied load scenarios include a moving Hertzian contact load, a temperature drop, rail bending due to a passing wheelset, and combinations thereof. The direction of the unbiased crack propagation is predicted using an accumulative vector crack tip displacement criterion. The numerical model is validated for the individual load scenarios. Restraints due to crack face locking are imposed by a threshold parameter, whose influence is also assessed. For combinations of thermal and contact loads, the predicted crack path is found to diverge gradually from transverse growth, corresponding to pure thermal loading, to shallow growth, corresponding to a pure contact load. For combined bending and contact loading, there is a discrete jump in the predicted crack direction as the contact load increased while the bending load is kept constant. These results are well aligned with empirical experience.

Vector crack tip displacement

Rolling contact fatigue

Crack propagation

Crack growth direction


Mohammad Salahi Nezhad

Chalmers, Industri- och materialvetenskap, Material- och beräkningsmekanik

Dimosthenis Floros

Volvo Cars

Fredrik Larsson

Chalmers, Industri- och materialvetenskap, Material- och beräkningsmekanik

Elena Kabo

Chalmers, Mekanik och maritima vetenskaper, Dynamik

Anders Ekberg

Chalmers, Mekanik och maritima vetenskaper, Dynamik

Engineering Fracture Mechanics

0013-7944 (ISSN)

Vol. 261 108218

Tillväxt av sprickor vid rullkontaktutmattning (CHARMEC MU38)

Chalmers järnvägsmekanik (CHARMEC), 2019-09-01 -- 2024-08-31.

In2Track-2 (CHARMEC EU19)

Trafikverket, 2018-11-01 -- 2021-10-31.

Europeiska kommissionen (EU) (EC/H2020/826255), 2018-11-01 -- 2021-10-31.




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