Chiral quantum optics with giant atoms
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2022

In quantum optics, it is common to assume that atoms are pointlike objects compared to the wavelength of the electromagnetic field they interact with. However, this dipole approximation is not always valid, e.g., if atoms couple to the field at multiple discrete points. Previous work has shown that superconducting qubits coupled to a one-dimensional waveguide can behave as such "giant atoms"and then can interact through the waveguide without decohering, a phenomenon that is not possible with small atoms. Here, we show that this decoherence-free interaction is also possible when the coupling to the waveguide is chiral, i.e., when the coupling depends on the propagation direction of the light. Furthermore, we derive conditions under which the giant atoms in such chiral architectures exhibit dark states. In particular, we show that unlike small atoms, giant atoms in a chiral waveguide can reach a dark state even without being excited by a coherent drive. We also show that in the driven-dissipative regime, dark states can be populated faster in giant atoms. The results presented here lay a foundation for applications based on giant atoms in quantum simulations and quantum networks with chiral settings.

Författare

Ariadna Soro Álvarez

Chalmers, Mikroteknologi och nanovetenskap, Tillämpad kvantfysik

Anton Frisk Kockum

Chalmers, Mikroteknologi och nanovetenskap, Tillämpad kvantfysik

Physical Review A

24699926 (ISSN) 24699934 (eISSN)

Vol. 105 2 023712

Stora atomer - en ny regim för kvantoptik

Vetenskapsrådet (VR) (2019-03696), 2020-01-01 -- 2023-12-31.

Ämneskategorier

Atom- och molekylfysik och optik

Annan fysik

Den kondenserade materiens fysik

DOI

10.1103/PhysRevA.105.023712

Mer information

Senast uppdaterat

2022-03-14