Overview of the TCV tokamak experimental programme
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2022

The tokamak a configuration variable (TCV) continues to leverage its unique shaping capabilities, flexible heating systems and modern control system to address critical issues in preparation for ITER and a fusion power plant. For the 2019-20 campaign its configurational flexibility has been enhanced with the installation of removable divertor gas baffles, its diagnostic capabilities with an extensive set of upgrades and its heating systems with new dual frequency gyrotrons. The gas baffles reduce coupling between the divertor and the main chamber and allow for detailed investigations on the role of fuelling in general and, together with upgraded boundary diagnostics, test divertor and edge models in particular. The increased heating capabilities broaden the operational regime to include T (e)/T (i) similar to 1 and have stimulated refocussing studies from L-mode to H-mode across a range of research topics. ITER baseline parameters were reached in type-I ELMy H-modes and alternative regimes with 'small' (or no) ELMs explored. Most prominently, negative triangularity was investigated in detail and confirmed as an attractive scenario with H-mode level core confinement but an L-mode edge. Emphasis was also placed on control, where an increased number of observers, actuators and control solutions became available and are now integrated into a generic control framework as will be needed in future devices. The quantity and quality of results of the 2019-20 TCV campaign are a testament to its successful integration within the European research effort alongside a vibrant domestic programme and international collaborations.

tokamak

TCV

nuclear fusion

EUROfusion

Författare

H. Reimerdes

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

M. Agostini

Consorzio Rfx

Oak Ridge Associated Universities

E. Alessi

Istituto per la Scienza e Tecnologia dei Plasmi (ISTP) - CNR

S. Alberti

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

Y. Andrebe

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

H. Arnichand

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

J. Balbin

Le Commissariat à l’Énergie Atomique et aux Énergies Alternatives (CEA)

F. Bagnato

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

M. Baquero-Ruiz

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

M. Bernert

Max-Planck-Gesellschaft

W. Bin

Istituto per la Scienza e Tecnologia dei Plasmi (ISTP) - CNR

P. Blanchard

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

T. C. Blanken

Technische Universiteit Eindhoven

J. A. Boedo

University of California at San Diego (UCSD)

D. Brida

Max-Planck-Gesellschaft

S. Brunner

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

C. Bogar

Czech Academy of Sciences

O. Bogar

Czech Academy of Sciences

T. Bolzonella

Consorzio Rfx

F. Bombarda

ENEA

F. Bouquey

Le Commissariat à l’Énergie Atomique et aux Énergies Alternatives (CEA)

C. Bowman

University of York

D. Brunetti

Istituto per la Scienza e Tecnologia dei Plasmi (ISTP) - CNR

J. Buermans

Koninklijke Militaire Universiteit

H. Bufferand

Le Commissariat à l’Énergie Atomique et aux Énergies Alternatives (CEA)

L. Calacci

Universita degli Studi di Roma Tor Vergata

Y. Camenen

Aix-Marseille Université

S. Carli

KU Leuven

D. Carnevale

Universita degli Studi di Roma Tor Vergata

F. Carpanese

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

F. Causa

Istituto per la Scienza e Tecnologia dei Plasmi (ISTP) - CNR

J. Cavalier

Czech Academy of Sciences

M. Cavedon

Max-Planck-Gesellschaft

J. A. Cazabonne

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

J. Cerovsky

Czech Academy of Sciences

R. Chandra

Dutch Institute for Fundamental Energy Research (DIFFER)

A. Chandrarajan Jayalekshmi

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

O. Chellai

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

P. Chmielewski

Institute of Plasma Physics & Laser Microfusion (IPPLM)

D. Choi

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

G. Ciraolo

Le Commissariat à l’Énergie Atomique et aux Énergies Alternatives (CEA)

I. G. J. Classen

Dutch Institute for Fundamental Energy Research (DIFFER)

S. Coda

Istituto per la Scienza e Tecnologia dei Plasmi (ISTP) - CNR

C. Colandrea

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

A. Dal Molin

Universita' degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca

P. David

Max-Planck-Gesellschaft

M. R. de Baar

Dutch Institute for Fundamental Energy Research (DIFFER)

J. Decker

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

W. Dekeyser

KU Leuven

H. de Oliveira

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

D. Douai

Le Commissariat à l’Énergie Atomique et aux Énergies Alternatives (CEA)

M. Dreval

National Science Center Kharkiv Institute of Physics and Technology

M. G. Dunne

Max-Planck-Gesellschaft

B. P. Duval

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

S. Elmore

Culham Science Centre

M. Faitsch

Max-Planck-Gesellschaft

G. Falchetto

Le Commissariat à l’Énergie Atomique et aux Énergies Alternatives (CEA)

M. Farnik

Czech Academy of Sciences

A. Fasoli

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

N. Fedorczak

Le Commissariat à l’Énergie Atomique et aux Énergies Alternatives (CEA)

F. Felici

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

O. Fevrier

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

O. Ficker

Czech Academy of Sciences

A. Fil

University of York

Culham Science Centre

M. Fontana

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

L. Frassinetti

Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan (KTH)

I Furno

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

D. S. Gahle

Culham Science Centre

University of Strathclyde

D. Galassi

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

K. Galazka

Institute of Plasma Physics & Laser Microfusion (IPPLM)

C. Galperti

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

S. Garavaglia

Istituto per la Scienza e Tecnologia dei Plasmi (ISTP) - CNR

M. Garcia-Munoz

Universidad de Sevilla

B. Geiger

University of Wisconsin Madison

M. Giacomin

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

G. Giruzzi

Le Commissariat à l’Énergie Atomique et aux Énergies Alternatives (CEA)

M. Gobbin

Consorzio Rfx

T. Golfinopoulos

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

T. Goodman

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

S. Gorno

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

G. Granucci

Istituto per la Scienza e Tecnologia dei Plasmi (ISTP) - CNR

J. P. Graves

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

M. Griener

Max-Planck-Gesellschaft

M. Gruca

Institute of Plasma Physics & Laser Microfusion (IPPLM)

T. Gyergyek

Institut Jožef Stefan

R. Haelterman

Koninklijke Militaire Universiteit

A. Hakola

Teknologian Tutkimuskeskus (VTT)

W. Han

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

T. Happel

Max-Planck-Gesellschaft

G. Harrer

Technische Universität Wien

J. R. Harrison

Culham Science Centre

S. Henderson

Culham Science Centre

G. M. D. Hogeweij

Dutch Institute for Fundamental Energy Research (DIFFER)

J-P Hogge

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

J. Horacek

Czech Academy of Sciences

Z. Huang

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

A. Iantchenko

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

P. Innocente

Consorzio Rfx

C. Ionita-Schrittweiser

University of Innsbruck

H. Isliker

Aristotelio Panepistimio Thessalonikis

A. Jardin

Polish Academy of Sciences

R. J. E. Jaspers

Technische Universiteit Eindhoven

R. Karimov

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

A. N. Karpushov

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

Y. Kazakov

Koninklijke Militaire Universiteit

M. Komm

Czech Academy of Sciences

M. Kong

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

Culham Science Centre

J. Kovacic

Institut Jožef Stefan

O. Krutkin

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

O. Kudlacek

Max-Planck-Gesellschaft

U. Kumar

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

R. Kwiatkowski

Narodowe Centrum Badań Jądrowych

B. Labit

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

L. Laguardia

Istituto per la Scienza e Tecnologia dei Plasmi (ISTP) - CNR

J. T. Lammers

Technische Universiteit Eindhoven

E. Laribi

Le Commissariat à l’Énergie Atomique et aux Énergies Alternatives (CEA)

E. Laszynska

Institute of Plasma Physics & Laser Microfusion (IPPLM)

A. Lazaros

National and Kapodistrian University of Athens

O. Linder

Max-Planck-Gesellschaft

B. Linehan

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

B. Lipschultz

University of York

X. Llobet

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

J. Loizu

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

T. Lunt

Max-Planck-Gesellschaft

E. Macusova

Czech Academy of Sciences

Y. Marandet

Aix-Marseille Université

M. Maraschek

Max-Planck-Gesellschaft

G. Marceca

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

C. Marchetto

Istituto per la Scienza e Tecnologia dei Plasmi (ISTP) - CNR

S. Marchioni

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

E. S. Marmar

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

Y. Martin

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

L. Martinelli

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

F. Matos

Max-Planck-Gesellschaft

R. Maurizio

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

Oak Ridge Associated Universities

M-L Mayoral

Culham Science Centre

D. Mazon

Le Commissariat à l’Énergie Atomique et aux Énergies Alternatives (CEA)

V Menkovski

Technische Universiteit Eindhoven

A. Merle

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

G. Merlo

The University of Texas at Austin

H. Meyer

Culham Science Centre

K. Mikszuta-Michalik

Institute of Plasma Physics & Laser Microfusion (IPPLM)

P. A. Molina Cabrera

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

J. Morales

Le Commissariat à l’Énergie Atomique et aux Énergies Alternatives (CEA)

J-M Moret

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

A. Moro

Istituto per la Scienza e Tecnologia dei Plasmi (ISTP) - CNR

D. Moulton

Culham Science Centre

H. Muhammed

Culham Science Centre

O. Myatra

University of York

D. Mykytchuk

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

F. Napoli

ENEA

R. D. Nem

Danmarks Tekniske Universitet (DTU)

A. H. Nielsen

Danmarks Tekniske Universitet (DTU)

M. Nocente

Universita' degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca

S. Nowak

Istituto per la Scienza e Tecnologia dei Plasmi (ISTP) - CNR

N. Offeddu

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

J. Olsen

Danmarks Tekniske Universitet (DTU)

F. P. Orsitto

Universita degli Studi di Napoli Federico II

O. Pan

Max-Planck-Gesellschaft

G. Papp

Max-Planck-Gesellschaft

A. Pau

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

A. Perek

Dutch Institute for Fundamental Energy Research (DIFFER)

F. Pesamosca

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

Y. Peysson

Le Commissariat à l’Énergie Atomique et aux Énergies Alternatives (CEA)

L. Pigatto

Consorzio Rfx

C. Piron

Consorzio Rfx

M. Poradzinski

Institute of Plasma Physics & Laser Microfusion (IPPLM)

L. Porte

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

T. Putterich

Max-Planck-Gesellschaft

M. Rabinski

Narodowe Centrum Badań Jądrowych

H. Raj

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

J. J. Rasmussen

Danmarks Tekniske Universitet (DTU)

G. A. Ratta

Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas, Medioambientales y Tecnologicas (Ciemat)

T. Ravensbergen

Technische Universiteit Eindhoven

Dutch Institute for Fundamental Energy Research (DIFFER)

D. Ricci

Istituto per la Scienza e Tecnologia dei Plasmi (ISTP) - CNR

P. Ricci

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

N. Rispoli

Istituto per la Scienza e Tecnologia dei Plasmi (ISTP) - CNR

F. Riva

Culham Science Centre

J. F. Rivero-Rodriguez

Universidad de Sevilla

M. Salewski

Danmarks Tekniske Universitet (DTU)

O. Sauter

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

B. S. Schmidt

Danmarks Tekniske Universitet (DTU)

R. Schrittweiser

University of Innsbruck

S. Sharapov

Culham Science Centre

U. A. Sheikh

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

B. Sieglin

Max-Planck-Gesellschaft

M. Silva

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

A. Smolders

KU Leuven

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

A. Snicker

Teknologian Tutkimuskeskus (VTT)

C. Sozzi

Istituto per la Scienza e Tecnologia dei Plasmi (ISTP) - CNR

M. Spolaore

Consorzio Rfx

A. Stagni

Politecnico di Milano

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

L. Stipani

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

G. Sun

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

T. Tala

Teknologian Tutkimuskeskus (VTT)

P. Tamain

Le Commissariat à l’Énergie Atomique et aux Énergies Alternatives (CEA)

K. Tanaka

National Institutes of Natural Sciences

A. Tema Biwole

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

D. Terranova

Consorzio Rfx

J. L. Terry

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

D. Testa

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

C. Theiler

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

A. Thornton

Culham Science Centre

A. Thrysoe

Danmarks Tekniske Universitet (DTU)

H. Torreblanca

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

C. K. Tsui

University of California at San Diego (UCSD)

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

D. Vaccaro

Universita degli Studi della Tuscia

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

M. Vallar

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

M. van Berkel

Dutch Institute for Fundamental Energy Research (DIFFER)

D. Van Eester

Koninklijke Militaire Universiteit

R. J. R. van Kampen

Technische Universiteit Eindhoven

Dutch Institute for Fundamental Energy Research (DIFFER)

S. Van Mulders

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

K. Verhaegh

University of York

T. Verhaeghe

Koninklijke Militaire Universiteit

N. Vianello

Consorzio Rfx

F. Villone

Universita degli Studi di Napoli Federico II

E. Viezzer

Universidad de Sevilla

B. Vincent

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

I Voitsekhovitch

Culham Science Centre

N. M. T. Vu

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

N. Walkden

Culham Science Centre

T. Wauters

Koninklijke Militaire Universiteit

H. Weisen

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

N. Wendler

Institute of Plasma Physics & Laser Microfusion (IPPLM)

M. Wensing

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

F. Widmer

Aix-Marseille Université

S. Wiesen

Forschungszentrum Jülich

M. Wischmeier

Max-Planck-Gesellschaft

T. A. Wijkamp

Technische Universiteit Eindhoven

Dutch Institute for Fundamental Energy Research (DIFFER)

D. Wunderlich

Max-Planck-Gesellschaft

C. Wuthrich

Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

V Yanovskiy

Czech Academy of Sciences

J. Zebrowski

Teknologian Tutkimuskeskus (VTT)

Ola Embréus

Chalmers, Fysik, Subatomär, högenergi- och plasmafysik

Frida Eriksson

Chalmers, Rymd-, geo- och miljövetenskap, Astronomi och plasmafysik, Plasmafysik och fusionsenergi

Emil Fransson

Chalmers, Rymd-, geo- och miljövetenskap, Astronomi och plasmafysik, Astronomi och plasmafysik 2

Mathias Hoppe

Chalmers, Fysik, Subatomär, högenergi- och plasmafysik, Subatomär, högenergi- och plasmafysik DP

Klara Insulander Björk

Chalmers, Fysik, Subatomär, högenergi- och plasmafysik

Nuclear Fusion

0029-5515 (ISSN)

Vol. 62 4 042018

Ämneskategorier

Rymd- och flygteknik

Energiteknik

Reglerteknik

DOI

10.1088/1741-4326/ac369b

Mer information

Senast uppdaterat

2022-03-17