Setting AI in Context: A Case Study on Defining the Context and Operational Design Domain for Automated Driving
Paper i proceeding, 2022

[Context and motivation] For automated driving systems, the operational context needs to be known in order to state guarantees on performance and safety. The operational design domain (ODD) is an abstraction of the operational context, and its definition is an integral part of the system development process. [Question/problem] There are still major uncertainties in how to clearly define and document the operational context in a diverse and distributed development environment such as the automotive industry. This case study investigates the challenges with context definitions for the development of perception functions that use machine learning for automated driving. [Principal ideas/results] Based on qualitative analysis of data from semi-structured interviews, the case study shows that there is a lack of standardisation for context definitions across the industry, ambiguities in the processes that lead to deriving the ODD, missing documentation of assumptions about the operational context, and a lack of involvement of function developers in the context definition. [Contribution] The results outline challenges experienced by an automotive supplier company when defining the operational context for systems using machine learning. Furthermore, the study collected ideas for potential solutions from the perspective of practitioners.


Machine learning

Artificial intelligence

Systems engineering

Operational design domain

Requirements engineering


Hans-Martin Heyn

Göteborgs universitet

Padmini Subbiah

Student vid Chalmers

Jennifer Linder

Student vid Chalmers

Eric Knauss

Göteborgs universitet

Olof Eriksson


Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)

03029743 (ISSN) 16113349 (eISSN)

Vol. 13216 LNCS 199-215
9783030984632 (ISBN)

28th International Working Conference on Requirements Engineering: Foundation for Software Quality, REFSQ 2022
Birmingham, United Kingdom,


Produktionsteknik, arbetsvetenskap och ergonomi

Övrig annan teknik




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