On the coupled thermo–electro–chemo–mechanical performance of structural batteries with emphasis on thermal effects
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2022

Carbon fibre (CF) based structural batteries is a type of battery designed to sustain mechanical loads. In this paper, a fully coupled thermo–electro–chemo–mechanical computational modelling framework for CF based structural batteries is presented. We consider the combined effects of lithium insertion in the carbon fibres leading to insertion strains, and thermal expansion/shrinkage of the constituents leading to thermal (free) strains, while assuming transverse isotropy. The numerical studies show that the developed framework is able to capture the coupled thermo–electro–chemo–mechanical behaviour. Moreover, it is found that the dominating source for heat generation during galvanostatic cycling is associated with discontinuities in the electrical and chemical potentials at the fibre/electrolyte interface. Further, a limited parameter study shows that the temperature change during electrochemical cycling is significantly influenced by the applied current, thermal properties of the constituents and heat exchange with the surroundings. Finally, for large temperature variations, e.g. as identified during relevant (dis)charge conditions, the magnitude of the thermal strains in the structural battery electrolyte (SBE) are found to be similar to the insertion induced strains.

Li-ion batteries

Li-ion batteries Multifunctional composites

Multifunctional composites

Finite element analysis (FEA)

Thermo–electro–chemo–mechanical coupling

Carbon fibre


David Carlstedt

Chalmers, Industri- och materialvetenskap, Material- och beräkningsmekanik

Kenneth Runesson

Chalmers, Industri- och materialvetenskap, Material- och beräkningsmekanik

Fredrik Larsson

Chalmers, Industri- och materialvetenskap, Material- och beräkningsmekanik

Leif Asp

Chalmers, Industri- och materialvetenskap, Material- och beräkningsmekanik

European Journal of Mechanics, A/Solids

0997-7538 (ISSN)

Vol. 94 104586

Realising Structural Battery Composites

European Office of Aerospace Research and Development (EOARD) (FA8655-21-1-7038), 2021-08-01 -- 2024-07-31.

Strukturella batterikompositer för viktlös energilagring

Rymdstyrelsen (2020-00256), 2021-01-01 -- 2023-12-31.

Beräkningsbaserad modellering av elektrokemisk aktuation av en klass av kolfiber-kompositer

Vetenskapsrådet (VR) (2020-05057), 2021-01-01 -- 2024-12-31.


Hållbar utveckling

Innovation och entreprenörskap


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C3SE (Chalmers Centre for Computational Science and Engineering)

Chalmers materialanalyslaboratorium



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