To facilitate a fair bioeconomy transition, stronger regional-level linkages are needed
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2022

The great hopes in Brussels that a circular bioeconomy will help bridge the growing divide between urban and rural areas and allow the hinterlands to prosper from 'green growth' are addressed in this article, which reflects on insights from three Nordic case studies of brown, green and blue biomass use at different levels of technology readiness. A closer examination of the forward, backward, fiscal and final demand linkages at regional level from increased biomass utilization, from eastern Finland and northern Sweden to Jutland and North Atlantic islands, suggests that linkages are and will remain relatively weak, predominantly dashing the expectations. As suppliers and exporters of natural resources, disadvantaged regions may all too easily get locked into a 'staples trap', where the value creation evaporates owing in part to the steep start-up costs and the associated boom-and-bust cycles, which place them in a weak position vis-a-vis the resource manufacturers and consumers. To make the prospects of development, employment and prosperity in the hinterlands materialize, measures are needed to strengthen the regional-level economic linkages. Regional-level revolving funds based on benefit-sharing instruments related to natural resources can be used to bolster economic development, as reflected in such schemes present in both China and Canada. We call for further research into whether and how such approaches can be replicated successfully by channeling revenues from biomass cultivation to regional-scale revolving funds, with mandates to strengthen long-term economic linkages and prosperity within the hinterlands. (c) 2022 The Authors. Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining published by Society of Industrial Chemistry and John Wiley & Sons Ltd


disadvantaged regions

Hartwick's rule

green growth

staples trap

natural resources


Mikael S. Andersen

Aarhus Universitet

Lotte D. Christensen

Aarhus Universitet

Jakob Donner-Amnell

Itä-Suomen Yliopisto

Per O. Eikeland

Fridtjof Nansen Institutt

Barbara Hedeler

Chalmers, Teknikens ekonomi och organisation, Environmental Systems Analysis

Roger Hildingsson

Lunds universitet

Bengt Johansson

Lunds universitet

Jamil Khan

Lunds universitet

Annica Kronsell

Göteborgs universitet

Tor H. J. Inderberg

Fridtjof Nansen Institutt

Helle O. Nielsen

Aarhus Universitet

Massimo Pizzol

Aarhus Universitet

Rauno Sairinen

Itä-Suomen Yliopisto

Jon B. Skjaerseth

Fridtjof Nansen Institutt

Patrik Soderholm

Luleå tekniska universitet

Tuula Teravainen

Itä-Suomen Yliopisto

Marianne Thomsen

Aarhus Universitet

Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining

1932-104X (ISSN)

Vol. In Press

New Nordic Ways to Green Growth (NOWAGG)

NordForsk (LTU-2973-2016(NOWAGG)), 2018-04-30 -- 2020-04-30.


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