Estimating Analytical Errors of Glomerular Filtration Rate Measurement
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2022

Background Few studies are available on how to optimize time points for sampling and how to estimate effects of analytical uncertainty when glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is calculated. Methods We explored the underlying regression mathematics of how analytical variation of a kidney filtration marker affects 1-compartment, slope-and-intercept GFR calculations, using 2 or 3 time points following a bolus injection, and used this to examine the results from 731 routine 3-point iohexol plasma clearance measurements. Results GFR calculations inflated analytical uncertainty if the time points were taken too late after the bolus injection and too close after each other. The uncertainty in GFR calculation was, however, the same as the analytical uncertainty if optimal time points were used. The middle of the 3 samples was of little value. The first sample should be taken as early as possible after the distribution phase. Sampling before the patient specific half-life of the kidney filtration marker resulted in an exponential error inflation whereas no error inflation was seen when sampling occurred later than 2 half-lives. Theoretical GFR uncertainty could be lowered 2.6-fold if individually optimized time points for sampling had been used in our 731 clearance measurements. Using Taylor expansions to approximate the moments of transformed random variables, the uncertainty of an individual GFR measurement could be calculated in a simple enough way to be applicable by laboratory software. Conclusions We provide a theoretical foundation to select patient-optimal time points that may both limit errors and allow calculation of GFR uncertainty.


Damiano Ognissanti

Chalmers, Matematiska vetenskaper, Algebra och geometri

Göteborgs universitet

Moa Andresen Bergstrom

Göteborgs universitet

Sahlgrenska universitetssjukhuset

Elvar Theodorsson

Linköpings universitet

Anders Larsson

Uppsala universitet

Gunnar Nordin


Ola Hammarsten

Sahlgrenska universitetssjukhuset

Göteborgs universitet

Clinical Chemistry

0009-9147 (ISSN) 1530-8561 (eISSN)

Vol. 68 9 1211-1218


Medicinsk laboratorie- och mätteknik

Analytisk kemi

Sannolikhetsteori och statistik





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