Sorption of trivalent plutonium onto UO2 and the effect of the solid phase on the Pu oxidation state
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2005

A problem with plutonium in sorption studies is its tendency to occur in a mix of oxidation states. This work was a study of the sorption of plutonium on the solid phase UO2 – in a perchlorate medium as a function of pH – where plutonium is kept in its trivalent oxidation state. Experiments also showed that uranium(IV) oxide can reduce Pu(IV) to Pu(III) in an acidic solution and maintain it in that state. It was observed at the same time that the chemically inert solid phases TiO2 and ThO2 possibly increase the rate of disproportionation of Pu(IV) at a pH of about 0.5. In accordance with previous studies MnO2 was found to have an oxidizing effect, converting Pu(IV) into Pu(VI). A comparison is made between the sorption of Th(IV), Pu(III) and Co(II) on UO2 and TiO2, and Pu(VI) on TiO2.

Uranium oxide

Plutonium

Oxidation states

Spectrophotometry

Sorption

Författare

Mattias Olsson

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Kärnkemi

Henrik Glänneskog

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Kärnkemi

Hans Nilsson

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Kärnkemi

Anna-Maria Jakobsson

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Kärnkemi

Yngve Albinsson

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Kärnkemi

Radiochimica Acta

Vol. 93 341-346

Ämneskategorier

Annan naturresursteknik

Kemi