Energy Distribution Diagram Used for Cost-Effective Battery Sizing of Electric Trucks
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2023

One possible step for reducing humans’ use of fossil fuel due to transport tasks is to replace diesel trucks with battery electric ones. This paper introduces the energy distribution diagram, which makes it easy to visualise the trucks’ daily energy consumption over their full service life. The energy distribution is used to investigate which driving patterns are suitable for cost-effective battery electric trucks when compared to commercial diesel trucks. It is shown that the battery capacity that results in the lowest cost per kilowatt-hour propulsion energy depends on the driving pattern, and an algorithm for selecting the most cost-effective capacity is presented. In many instances, it was found that battery electric trucks competed favourably with diesel trucks, especially when the trucks had low variations in daily energy consumption. It is beneficial to determine the circumstances under which they may be cheaper, as this will facilitate the transition to battery electric trucks in segments with a reduced overall cost of ownership.

battery electric vehicle

battery electric trucks


battery sizing

charging strategy


Johannes Karlsson

Chalmers, Elektroteknik, System- och reglerteknik

Anders Grauers

Chalmers, Elektroteknik, System- och reglerteknik


1996-1073 (ISSN) 19961073 (eISSN)

Vol. 16 2 779

Effektiva systemlösningar för tunga ellastbilar

Trafikverket (Triple F Projekt nr: 2020.3.2.32), 2020-09-08 -- 2025-08-31.


Hållbar utveckling





Elektroteknik och elektronik



Mer information

Senast uppdaterat