Ferromagnetic domains in the large- U Hubbard model with a few holes: A full configuration interaction quantum Monte Carlo study
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2023

Two-dimensional Hubbard lattices with two or three holes are investigated as a function of U in the large-U limit. In the so-called Nagaoka limit (one-hole system at infinite U), it is known that the Hubbard model exhibits a ferromagnetic ground state. Here, by means of exact full configuration interaction quantum Monte Carlo simulations applied to periodic lattices up to 24 sites, we compute spin-spin correlation functions as a function of increasing U. The correlation functions clearly demonstrate the onset of ferromagnetic domains, centered on individual holes. The overall total spin of the wave functions remains the lowest possible (0 or 12, depending on the number of holes). The ferromagnetic domains appear at interaction strengths comparable to the critical interaction strengths of the Nagaoka transition in finite systems with strictly one hole. The existence of such ferromagnetic domains is the signature of Nagaoka physics in Hubbard systems with a small (but greater than 1) number of holes.


Sujun Yun


Werner Barucha-Dobrautz

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Kemi och biokemi

Hongjun Luo


Vamshi Katukuri


Niklas Liebermann


Ali Alavi

University of Cambridge

Physical Review B

24699950 (ISSN) 24699969 (eISSN)

Vol. 107 6 064405


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