Discovery of Oxygen Carriers by Mining a First-Principle Database
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2023

Chemical looping is an innovative technique that relies, to a large extent, on the possibility of finding new oxygen carriers. Until now, these materials have primarily been identified via experimental techniques and therefrom derived insights. However, this is both costly and time-consuming. To speed-up this process, we have applied a computational screening approach based on energetic data retrieved from the Open Quantum Materials Database. In particular, we have considered combinations of all mono-, bi-, and trimetallic alloys and mixed oxides with up to three distinctive phases. Here, we specifically focus on a technique referred to as chemical looping oxygen uncoupling, which is especially suitable for solid fuels, e.g., combustion of biomass for negative CO2 emissions. The formation energies obtained for the materials of interest were used to identify phase transitions that are likely to occur under conditions relevant for chemical looping oxygen uncoupling. Given these criteria, the initial list of 300000 materials is reduced by a factor of 20, and after filtering out rare, radioactive, toxic, or harmful elements only 1000 remain. When considering the abundance of elements in the ranking criteria, most of the highest ranking phases include Cu, Mn, and Fe. This adds credibility to the procedure, as many viable oxygen carriers for chemical looping oxygen uncoupling that have been studied experimentally contain these elements. While Cr-based materials have not been widely explored for this application, our study suggests that this might be worthwhile since these occur more frequently than Fe. Other elements that would be interesting as additional components include Ba, K, Na, Al, and Si.


Joakim Brorsson

Chalmers, Fysik, Kemisk fysik

Viktor Rehnberg

Chalmers, Fysik, Kemisk fysik

Adam Arvidsson

Chalmers, Fysik, Kemisk fysik

Henrik Leion

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Energi och material

Tobias Mattisson

Chalmers, Rymd-, geo- och miljövetenskap, Energiteknik

Anders Hellman

Chalmers, Fysik, Kemisk fysik

Journal of Physical Chemistry C

1932-7447 (ISSN) 1932-7455 (eISSN)

Vol. 127 20 9437-9451

Uppblandade metaller för kemcyklisk förbränning

Vetenskapsrådet (VR) (2020-03487), 2021-01-01 -- 2024-12-31.


Fysikalisk kemi

Datavetenskap (datalogi)



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