Analog Information Decoding of Bosonic Quantum Low-Density Parity-Check Codes
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2024

Quantum error correction is crucial for scalable quantum information-processing applications. Traditional discrete-variable quantum codes that use multiple two-level systems to encode logical information can be hardware intensive. An alternative approach is provided by bosonic codes, which use the infinite-dimensional Hilbert space of harmonic oscillators to encode quantum information. Two promising features of bosonic codes are that syndrome measurements are natively analog and that they can be concatenated with discrete-variable codes. In this work, we propose novel decoding methods that explicitly exploit the analog syndrome information obtained from the bosonic qubit readout in a concatenated architecture. Our methods are versatile and can be generally applied to any bosonic code concatenated with a quantum low-density parity-check (QLDPC) code. Furthermore, we introduce the concept of quasi-single shot protocols as a novel approach that significantly reduces the number of repeated syndrome measurements required when decoding under phenomenological noise. To realize the protocol, we present the first implementation of time-domain decoding with the overlapping window method for general QLDPC codes and a novel analog single-shot decoding method. Our results lay the foundation for general decoding algorithms using analog information and demonstrate promising results in the direction of fault-tolerant quantum computation with concatenated bosonic-QLDPC codes.


Lucas Berent

Technische Universität München

Timo Hillmann

Chalmers, Mikroteknologi och nanovetenskap, Tillämpad kvantfysik

Jens Eisert


Freie Universität Berlin

Robert Wille

Technische Universität München

Software Competence Center Hagenberg

Joschka Roffe

Freie Universität Berlin

University of Edinburgh

PRX Quantum

26913399 (eISSN)

Vol. 5 2 020349



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