Modeling Dust Production, Growth, and Destruction in Reionization-era Galaxies with the CROC Simulations. II. Predicting the Dust Content of High-redshift Galaxies
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2024

We model the interstellar dust content of the reionization era with a suite of cosmological, fluid-dynamical simulations of galaxies with stellar masses ranging from ∼105 to 109 M ⊙ in the first 1.2 Gyr of the Universe. We use a post-processing method that accounts for dust creation and destruction processes, allowing us to systematically vary the parameters of these processes to test whether dust-dependent observable quantities of galaxies at these epochs could be useful for placing constraints on dust physics. We then forward model observable properties of these galaxies to compare to existing data. We find that we are unable to simultaneously match existing observational constraints with any one set of model parameters. Specifically, the models that predict the largest dust masses D/Z ≳ 0.1 at z = 5—because of high assumed production yields and/or efficient growth via accretion in the interstellar medium—are preferred by constraints on total dust mass and infrared (IR) luminosities, but these models produce far too much attenuation in the ultraviolet (UV), preventing them from matching observations of β UV. To investigate this discrepancy, we analyze the relative spatial distribution of stars and dust as probed by IR and UV emission, which appear to exhibit overly symmetric morphologies compared to existing data, likely due to the limitations of the stellar feedback model used in the simulations. Our results indicate that the observable properties of the dust distribution in high redshift galaxies are a particularly strong test of stellar feedback.


Clarke Jarett Esmerian

Chalmers, Rymd-, geo- och miljövetenskap, Astronomi och plasmafysik

University of Chicago

Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory

Nickolay Y. Gnedin

Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory

University of Chicago

Astrophysical Journal

0004-637X (ISSN) 1538-4357 (eISSN)

Vol. 968 2 113

The Origin and Fate of Dust in Our Universe

Knut och Alice Wallenbergs Stiftelse (KAW 2020.0081), 2021-07-01 -- 2026-06-30.

Knut och Alice Wallenbergs Stiftelse (KAW 2019.0443), 2020-06-01 -- 2023-05-31.


Astronomi, astrofysik och kosmologi



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