Characterization Techniques for Thin and Thick Ferroelectric Films
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2007
A few measurement techniques are presented for characterization of thin and thick ferroelectric films at microwave frequencies. Broadband reflection type measurements using a probe station are considered for on wafer characterization of thin films. The accuracy of the method is analyzed with respect to measurement residual systematic errors. A test structure is introduced allowing quick and accurate extraction of the film parameters based on the rigorous full-wave model. Two measurement techniques are reported for electrode-less characterization of thick ferroelectric films. The first method (X-band) is based on the reflection type measurement of a resonator established by a layered alumina/ferroelectric sample loaded in a cut-off waveguide. The second method (B-band) utilizes an open resonator (OR) technique. Theoretical and experimental results are presented.